Spacecraft invention has made way for more discoveries and journeys outside the globe. This has been used for numerous purposes such as earth observation, planetary exploration, navigation, meteorology, communication as well as to transport humans into space for experimentation or some other purposes.
The very first spacecraft that has been invented was the Sputnik which was launched by Soviet Union on the year 1957. This has then ushered developments in the field of technology, politics, and sciences as well as in the military.
But through time, lots of innovations and developments are made. First world countries had go hand in hand to create a vehicle that will not just travel outside the earth atmosphere, but rather is capable of carrying a human. This was called the manned spacecraft and the first model of this was named Vostok 1 which carried Yugo Gagarin, a Soviet Cosmonaut in the year 1961. After the success of the navigation, there had been a joint venture between several countries that made the field of space vehicle invention a success.
Spacecraft is different from a launch vehicle. This is a sort of protective spaceship which allows the cargo to travel in the space once the launch vehicle has already been projected outside the earth’s atmosphere.
This spacecraft typically consists of mechanical units that carefully and securely carry and operate the rover once it enters and lands on the other planet (which is typically in Mars). The typical weight of a spacecraft is 1,063 kg. This was the overall weight when the rover, cruise stage, propellant, lander, heat shield, and parachute have been combined
Spacecraft Design Engineer
Due to the curiosity of human, inventors have come up with this stunning invention and for future spacecraft. This spacecraft is not new in today’s modern world. This has been also the main reason why experts have offered education regarding the study of spacecraft parts and all things regarding this.
Spacecraft engineers are the people responsible for the creation and advancement of each and every launched space vehicle.
The people who’ve been qualified to be an aerospace engineer possess all the required technical knowledge in the spacecraft company. This field is not an ordinary one, the success of each lunch often depends on the capability of a design engineer to come up with a space vehicle capable of resisting or enduring any force outside the earth’s atmosphere.
Anything that concerns matters outside the earth will fall in the hand of NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration). NASA is a US government agency which is responsible for space related programs as well as aerospace and aeronautics research.
They are responsible in launching all those spaceflight programs whether it’s a manned or unmanned one.
NASA spacecraft has been launched for the purpose of space exploration in order to know and get some scientific proof about the planets in the solar system, and even to explore planets outside the said system. While those unmanned was sent for communication and some scientific purposes.
Manned programs, on the other hand, has sent the first humans in which twelve men landed on the Moon within the year 1969-1972 through the aid of the Apollo program. Apollo Program was a realization of Former US president John Kennedy’s ambitious goal which is to land a man on the Moon and make him return to earth safely. This manned spaceflight program was first supported by the NACA’s experimental rocket powered aircraft which also serves as an extension of it.
Through time, NASA’s goal has been wider. There have been numerous achievements gained through the cooperation of each concerned individuals as well as the current spacecraft companies.
NASA started to have in-depth surveys and studies of Mars, Saturn, Earth as well as the Sun. Each spacecraft missions have been more delicate and tough. There was even a plan made about a permanent moon base, but this has been considered as an unsustainable trajectory.
NASA now aims on extending and sustaining human activities in the solar system, expand the human’s scientific understanding of earth as well as the universe, create new and advance space technologies and share the new found knowledge to the public.
From the launched of the first spacecraft to the current year, numerous changes had already happened. There were more spaceflights programs that were implemented, more spacecraft was invented and already a number of humans had travel in the space.
NASA has created new vision, mission, and objectives. All of those spearheaded to the development of new spacecraft. The systems were updated with the aid of modern technology and the capsules used are already larger, with volume capacity that is three times the old space vehicles and is capable of accommodating four-person crew.